In your BCMSN \/ CCNP exam study, it’s easy to overlook some of the details of Spanning Tree Protocol (STP). After all, you learned all of that in your CCNA studies, right? Not necessarily! While some of the BCMSN material will be a review for you, there are some details regarding familiar topics that you need to learn. That includes the timers for STP – Hello Time, MaxAge, and Forward Delay.\nYou may remember these timers from your CCNA studies as well, and you should also remember that these timers should not be changed lightly. What you might not have known is that if you decide to change any and all of these timers, that change must be configured on the root bridge! The root bridge will inform the nonroot switches of the change via BPDUs.\nHello Time is the interval between BPDUs, two seconds by default.\nForward Delay is the length of both the listening and learning STP stages, with a default value of 15 seconds.\nMaximum Age, referred to by the switch as MaxAge, is the amount of time a switch will retain a BPDU’s contents before discarding it. The default is 20 seconds.\nThe value of these timers can be changed with the spanning-tree vlan command shown below. Verify the changes with the show spanning-tree command.\nSW1(config)#spanning-tree vlan 1 ?\nforward-time Set the forward delay for the spanning tree\nhello-time Set the hello interval for the spanning tree\nmax-age Set the max age interval for the spanning tree\npriority Set the bridge priority for the spanning tree\nroot Configure switch as root\nSW1(config)#spanning-tree vlan 1 hello-time 5\nSW1(config)#spanning-tree vlan 1 max-age 30\nSW1(config)#spanning-tree vlan 1 forward-time 20\nSW1(config)#^Z\nSW1#show spanning-tree vlan 1\nVLAN0001\nSpanning tree enabled protocol ieee\nRoot ID Priority 32769\nAddress 000f.90e1.c240\nThis bridge is the root\nHello Time 5 sec Max Age 30 sec Forward Delay 20 sec\nBridge ID Priority 32769 (priority 32768 sys-id-ext 1)\nAddress 000f.90e1.c240\nHello Time 5 sec Max Age 30 sec Forward Delay 20 sec\nAging Time 300\nInterface Role Sts Cost Prio.Nbr Type\n—————- —- — ——— ——– ——————————–\nFa0\/11 Desg FWD 19 128.11 P2p\nFa0\/12 Desg FWD 19 128.12 P2p\nAgain, you should always take great care in changing these timers. Those defaults are set for a reason – helping to prevent switching loops!